West Nile Virus
In order to make a diagnosis, your doctor will ask a number of questions, perform a physical exam, and recommend certain tests. As part of diagnosing a West Nile virus infection, the doctor will also rule out other causes of possible West Nile virus symptoms.
If your doctor has determined that you are at high risk and have symptoms of West Nile virus, a blood sample will be taken and sent to a commercial or public health laboratory for confirmation.
(Click West Nile Virus Testing for more information on making a West Nile virus diagnosis.)
There is currently no treatment that can kill the virus. Therefore, treatment goals for West Nile virus are focused on providing relief of symptoms as the body fights the virus.
In 2003, there were 9,862 human cases of West Nile virus disease reported in the United States, including 264 deaths. In 2002, there were 4,156 human cases of West Nile virus disease, including 284 deaths. In 2001, there were 66 human cases of West Nile virus and 9 deaths.