Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
The CDC, working closely with state and local health departments, monitors the potential sources and outbreaks of mosquito-borne diseases and provides advice and consultation on prevention and control of these diseases. The CDC works with experts in human and veterinary medicine, entomology, epidemiology, zoology, and ecology to obtain quick and accurate information on emerging trends which they develop into national strategies that reduce the risk of disease transmission.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
The EPA ensures that state and local departments have access to effective tools that they can use without posing unreasonable risk to human health and the environment. The EPA encourages nonchemical mosquito prevention efforts, such as eliminating standing water that produces breeding sites. The agency educates the public through outreach efforts to encourage proper use of insect repellents and mosquitocides. Additionally, the EPA's rigorous pesticide review process is designed to ensure that registered mosquitocides used according to label directions and precautions can further reduce disease-carrying mosquito populations.
The public's role in eliminating potential breeding habitats for mosquitoes -- such as getting rid of any standing water around the home -- is a critical step in reducing the risk of mosquito-borne disease transmission. People are also encouraged to make sure window screens and screen doors are in good repair. When venturing into areas with high mosquito populations, it is best to wear personal protection such as long-sleeved shirts and long pants. People should use mosquito repellents when necessary, and always follow label instructions.